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You are here: Home NACDD Initiatives Women's Health Gestational Diabetes Collaborative Gestational Diabetes: Public Health Concerns

Gestational Diabetes: Public Health Concerns

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as carbohydrate intolerance of variable severity, with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. For the woman, GDM complicates 3-14% of pregnancies in the United States, and it is responsible for an important maternal morbidity including pregnancy induced high blood pressure, preeclampsia, urinary tract infections, cesarean delivery and other issues. GDM is on the rise in the US and is now estimated to affect 4-6% of all pregnancies. The consequences for the woman is a greater risk (7 fold) for developing types 2 diabetes later in life. For the child, the issues are macrosomia, birth trauma, hyperglycemia at birth. The consequences for the child are a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

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