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Resources & Publications

NACDD’S Health Equity Council (HEC) has developed a variety of tools and resources to aid public health professionals, policymakers, and other stakeholders in their health equity efforts. We have also complied a list of useful resources.

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Advocacy || Cultural Competency || Health Equity || Health Disparities || Social Determinants of Health || Other Resources

Advocacy

Advocacy Fact Sheet

Research Articles

  1. Betancourt J, Green A, Carrillo J, Ananeh- Firempong O. Defining Cultural Competence: A Practical Framework for Addressing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Health and Health Care. Public Health Rep. 2003 Jul–Aug; 118(4): 293–302.
  2. Tervalon M, Murray-García J. Cultural Humility Versus Cultural Competence: A Critical Distinction in Defining Physician Training Outcomes in Multicultural Education. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 1998 May, 9(2): 117-125
  3. United States Department of Health and Human Service. National Action Plan to Improve Health Literacy Available at: http://www.chronicdisease.org/files/public/HealthLitActionPlanSummary.pdf (Accessed January 11, 2011).

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Cultural Competency

Cultural Competency Fact Sheet

Presentations

LGBT 101

Research Articles

  1. Betancourt J, Green A, Carrillo J, Ananeh- Firempong O. Defining Cultural Competence: A Practical Framework for Addressing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Health and Health Care. Public Health Rep. 2003 Jul–Aug; 118(4): 293–302.
  2. Tervalon M, Murray-García J. Cultural Humility Versus Cultural Competence: A Critical Distinction in Defining Physician Training Outcomes in Multicultural Education. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 1998 May, 9(2): 117-125
  3. United States Department of Health and Human Service. National Action Plan to Improve Health Literacy Available at: http://www.chronicdisease.org/files/public/HealthLitActionPlanSummary.pdf (Accessed January 11, 2011).

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Health Equity

Recommended Readings

Research Articles

General

  1. Blakely T, Tobias M, Atkinson J, Yeh L-C, Huang K. Tracking Disparity: Trends in Ethnic and Socioeconomic Inequalities in Morality, 1981-2004- Public Health Intelligence Occasional Bulletin No. 38. New Zealand Ministry of Health. Wellington: Ministry of Health. 2007.
  2. Braveman P, Gruskin S. Theory and Methods: Defining Equity in Health. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2006; Vol.57: 254-258.
  3. Braveman P. We Also Need Bold Experiments: A Response to Starfield’s “Commentary: Pathways of Influence on Equity in Health”. Elsevier: Social Science and Medicine. 2007; Vol. 64: 1363-1366.
  4. Hebert P, Sisk J, Howell E. When Does A Difference Become A Disparity? Conceptualizing Racial And Ethnic Disparities in Health. Health Affairs. 2008; Vol. 27, No. 2: 374-382.
  5. HDP Health Equity Interprogrammatic Group. Principles and Basic Concepts of Equity and Health: Division of Health and Human Development PAHOWHO. 1999: 1-11.
  6. Macinko J, Starfield B. Annotated Bibliography on Equity on Health, 1980-2001. International Journal for Equity Health. 2002; Vol. 1, No. 1: 1-20.
  7. Marmot M. Achieving health equity: from root causes to fair outcomes. The Lancet: International Institute for Society and Health, University College London. 2007; 1-11.
  8. Schofield T. Health Inequality and Its Social Determinants: A Sociological Commentary. Health Sociology Review. 2007; Vol.16, Issue 2: 105-114.
  9. Starfield B. Pathways of Influence on Equity in Health. Elsevier: Social Science and Medicine. 2007; Vol. 64: 1355-1362.

Ethnicity/Race

  1. Bilheimer L, Sisk J. Collecting Adequate Data On Racial and Ethical Disparities In Health: The Challenges Continue. Health Affairs. 2008; Vol. 27, No. 2: 383-391
  2. Kimbro R, Bzostek S, Goldman N, Rodriguez G. Race, Ethnicity, and The Education Gradient in Health. Health Affairs. 2007; Vol. 27, No. 2: 361-372.
  3. Krieger N, Chen J, Waterman P, Rehkopf D, Subramanian S.V. Painting a Truer Picture of US Socioeconomic and Racial/Ethnic Health Inequalities: The Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project. American Journal of Public Health. 2005; Vol. 95, No. 2: 312-323.
  4. Gender/ Sexuality
  5. Corliss HL, Shankle MD, Moyer MB. Research, curricula, and resources related to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender health in US schools of public health. Am J Public Health. 2007 Jun; 97(6):1023-7. Epub 2007 Apr 26.
  6. Fredriksen-Goldsen KI, Kim HJ, Barkan SE, Balsam KF, Mincer SL. Disparities in health-related quality of life: a comparison of lesbians and bisexual women. Am J Public Health. 2010 Nov;100(11):2255-61. Epub 2010 Sep 23.
  7. Johnson CV, Mimiaga MJ, Bradford J. Health care issues among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) populations in the United States: Introduction. J Homosex. 2008;54(3):213-24.
  8. Mayer K, Bradford J, Makadon H, Stall R, Goldhammer, Landers A. Sexual andGender Minority Health: What We Know and What Needs to Be Done. Am J Public Health. 2008 Jun;98(6):989-95. Epub 2008 Apr 29.

Socioeconomic status

  1. Berkman, L, Epstein, AM. Beyond health care--socioeconomic status and health. New England Journal of Medicine. 2008 Jun 5; 358(23):2509-10.
  2. Braveman P. Do We Have Real Poverty in the United State of America? Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy. 2007; Vol.4, No.4: 1-4.
  3. Butrica B. Do Assets Change the Racial Profile of Poverty Among Older Adults?. The Urban Institute. 2008; No. 8. Available at http://urban.org/UploadedPDF/411620_racial_poverty.pdf. (Accessed January 10, 2011).
  4. Hahn R, Eaker E, Barker N, Teutsch S, Sosniak W, Krieger N. Poverty and Death in the United States-1973 and 1991. Epidemiology Program Office, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA; Division of Health Studies. 1995; Vol.6: 490-497.
  5. Krieger N, Williams D.R., Moss N.E. Measuring Social Class in US Public Health Research: Concepts, Methodologies, and Guidelines. Annual Reviews of Public Health. 1997; Vol.18: 341-378.
  6. Lantz P, House J, Lepkowski J, Williams D, Mero R, Chen J. Socioeconomic Factors, Health Behaviors, and Mortality: Results From a National Representative Prospective Study of US Adults. JAMA. 1998; Vol.279, No.21: 1703-1708.
  7. Mackenbach JP, Stirbu I, Roskam A-JR, et al. Socioeconomic inequalities in health in 22 European countries. N Engl J Med 2008;358:2468-2481.
  8. McDonough P, Williams D, House J, Duncan G. Gender and the Socioeconomic Gradient in Mortality. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 1999; Vol.40, No.1:17-31.
  9. McDonough P, Williams D, House J, Duncan G. Income Dynamics and Adult Mortality in the United States, 1972 through 1989. American Journal of Public Health. 1997; Vol.87, No.9: 1476-1483.
  10. Rehkopf D, Haughton L, Chen J, Waterman P, Subramanian S.V., Krieger N. Monitoring Socioeconomic Disparities in Death: Comparing Individual-Level Education and Area-Based    Socioeconomic Measures. American Journal of Public Health. 2006; Vol. 96, No. 8: 2-6.
  11. Singh G, Hiatt R. Trends and Disparities in Socioeconomic and Behavioral Characteristics, Life Expectancy, and Cause-Specific Mortality of Native-Born and Foreign-Born Populations in the United States, 1979-2003. International Journal of Epidemiology. 2006; Vol. 35: 903-919.
  12. Williams D. Low Income, Not Race or Lifestyle, Is the Greatest Threat to Health. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Website. 2001. Available at http://www.rwjf.org/reports/grr/026422.htm. (Accessed on June 24, 2008).

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Health Disparities

Recommended Readings

Tools

Institute for Alternative Futures. The DRA Project: Using Healthy Eating and Active Living Initiatives to Reduce Health Disparities- February 2008 Report 08-01. 2008; 1-22.

Research Articles

  1. Baquet C, Carter-Pokras O, Bengen-Seltzer B. Healthcare Disparities and Models for Change. The American Journal of Managed Care. 2004; Vol.10 Special Issue: SP5-SP11.
  2. Carter-Pokras O, Baquet C. What is a “Health Disparity”?. Public Health Reports. 2002; Vol.117: 426-434. Available at http://www.publichealthreports.org/userfiles/117_5/117426.pdf (Accessed on July 1, 2008).
  3. Freidan T, Hofritcher A. Framework for Public Health Acton: The Health Impact Pyramid. American Journal of Public Health. 2010; Vol.100, No. 4: 590-595.
  4. Institute for Alternative Futures. The DRA Project: Using Healthy Eating and Active Living Initiatives to Reduce Health Disparities- February 2008 Report 08-01. 2008; 1-22. Available at http://www.altfutures.com/draproject/pdfs/Report_08_01_Using_Healthy_Eating_and_Active_Living_Initiatives__to_Reduce_Health_Disparities.pdf. (Accessed January 11, 2011).
  5. Kumanyika S, Morssink C. Bridging Domains in Efforts to Reduce Disparities in Health and Health Care. Health Education and Behavior. 2006; Vol. 33, No. 4: 440-458.
  6. Project Hope. Addressing Specific Disparities. Health Affairs: The Policy Journal of the Health Sphere. 2008; Vol. 27 No. 2. Available at http://content.healthaffairs.org/cgi/content/full/27/2/392?etoc. (Accessed on July 25, 2008).
  7. Project Hope. Health Disparities: Definitions and Data. Health Affairs: The Policy Journal of Health Sphere. 2008; Vol. 27, No. 2: 373.
  8. Redmond Leonard J, Bowman B, Mensah B. Health Disparities: A Selected Bibliography from the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion- January 2000-January 2005. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2005: 1-46. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/publications/HealthDisparities/pdf/biblography.pdf. (Accessed January 11, 2011).
  9. Rust G, Cooper L. How Can Practice-based Research Contribute to the Elimination of Health Disparities? The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. 2007; Vol.20: 105-114.
  10. Rust G, Cooper L. How Can Practice Based Research Contribute to the Elimination of Health Disparities? The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. 2007; Vol. 20, No. 2: 1- Available at http://www.chronicdisease.org/files/public/HDIG_practicebasedresearch_actions.pdf. (Accessed July 22, 2008).
  11. Thomas, Stephen B., Quinn, Sandra Crouse. (2008). Poverty and Elimination of Urban Health Disparities: Challenges and Opportunities. Annals of NY Academy Sciences 1136: 111–125.
  12. Williams D. Exposing the Roots of Health Disparities. Harvard Public Health Review. 2007; 1-4. Available at http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/review/winter07/williams1.html. (Accessed January 11, 2011).

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Social Determinants of Health

SDOH Fact Sheet

PowerPoint

Research Articles

  1. Bonnefoy J, Morgan A, Kelly M, Butt J, Bergman V, Tugwell P, Robinson V, Exworthy M, Mackenbach J, Popay J, Pope C, Narayan T, Myer L, Simpson S, Houwelling T, Jadue L. Constructing the evidence base on the social determinants of health: A Guide. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. 2007; 26-35.
  2. Braveman P, Egerter S, Mockenhaupt R. Broadening the Focus: The Need to Address the Social Determinants of Health. AM J Prev Med. 2011; 40: S4-S18
  3. Civil Society Report on Commission on Social Determinants of Health. Available at http://www.who.int/social_determinants/resources/cs_rep_sum_18_7.pdf. (Accessed January 11, 2011).
  4. Ellis J. Social Ties and Health. American Journal of Public Health. 2006; Vol.96, No.8: 1
  5. Hillemeier M, Lynch J, Harper S, Casper M. Data Set Directory of Social Determinants of Health at the Local Level. Atlanta: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion; 2004.
  6. Marmot M. Social Determinants of Health Inequalities. The Lancet: International Centre for Health and Society, University College London. 2005; Vol.365: 1099-1104.
  7. Metzler M. Social Determinants of Health Information Sheet: Division of Prevention Research and Analytic Methods Community-Based Participatory Action Research Activity. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  8. Metzler M. Social Determinants of Health: What, How, Why, and Now. Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy. 2007; Vol.4, No.4: 1-4.
  9. Raphael D, Curry-Stevens A, Bryant T. Barriers to Addressing the Social Determinants of Health: Insights from the Canadian Experience.
  10. Raphael D. Social Determinants of Health: Present Status, Unanswered Questions, and Future Directions. International Journal of Health Services. 2006; Vol.36, No.4: 651-677.
  11. Representatives of Civil Society. Civil Society’s Report to the Commission on Social Determinants of Health. Social Medicine. 2007; Vol.2, No.4: 192-211.
  12. Washington State Department of Health. Social and Economic Determinants of Health. The Health of Washington State. 2007; 1.3.1-1.3.7.
  13. Wilcox L. Onions and Bubbles: Models of the Social Determinants of Health. Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy. 2007; Vol.4, No.4: 1-4.
  14. Wilkinson R, Marmot M. Social Determinants of Health: The Solid Facts Second Edition. World Health Organization Europe. Denmark: World Health Organization; 2003.
  15. World Health Organization. Latest Publications on Commission on Social Determinants of Health. Available at http://www.who.int/social_determinants/resources/latest_publications/en/index.html. (Accessed January 11, 2011).
  16. Yen I.H., Syme S.L. The Social Environment and Health: A Discussion of the Epidemiologic Literature. Annual Reviews of Public Health. 1999; Vol.20: 287-308.

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Other Resources

Community Based Examples

  1. Braveman, Paula. Health Disparities and Health Equity: Concepts and Measurement. (2006). Annual Review Public Health 27:167–94.
  2. Collie-Akers VL, Fawcett SB, Schultz JA, Carson V, Cyprus J, Pierle JE. Analyzing a community-based coalition’s efforts to reduce health disparities and the risk for chronic disease in Kansas City, Missouri. Prev Chronic Dis [serial online]. 2007 Jul. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2007/jul/06_0101.htm.  (Accessed January 11, 2011).
  3. Community-Based Interventions to Eliminate Disparities in Health: Lessons Learned from the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH 2010) Program. Available from: http://www.ishib.org/sup_14_3_1_toc.asp (Accessed January 11, 2011).
  4. Flores L, Davis R, Culross P. Community Health: A Critical Approach to Addressing Chronic Diseases. Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy. 2007; Vol.4, No.4: 1-8. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2007/oct/07_0080.htm. (Accessed January 11, 2011).
  5. Hillemeier, Marianne, Lynch, John, Harper, Sam, Casper, Michelle. Data Set Directory of Social Determinants of Health at the Local Level. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_set_directory.htm. (Accessed January 11, 2011).
  6. Hillemeier, Marianne, Lynch, John, Harper, Sam, Casper, Michelle. Measuring Contextual Characteristics for Communuity Health. HSR: Health Services Research 38:6, Part II, December 2003.
  7. Keppel K, Pamuk E, Lynch J, et al. Methodological issues in measuring health disparities. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2(141). 2005. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_02/sr02_141.pdf. (Accessed January 11, 2011).
  8. Moses J, King M (2008). Neighborhood Realities: Media Focus on Poverty, Race, and Health. Available at: http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/2008/04/health_disparities.html. (Accessed January 11, 2011).

Miscellaneous

  1. Braveman P, Egerter S. Overcoming Obstacles to Health: Report from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to the Commission to Build a Healthier America. Princeton, NJ: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; 2008.
  2. Prevention Institute. Good Health Counts: A 21st Century Approach to Health and Community for California. Prevention Institute. Oakland: Prevention Institute; 2007.
  3. Prevention Institute. The Imperative of Reducing Health Disparities Through Prevention: Challenges, Implications, and Opportunities- Report 06-01. DRA Project. Oakland: Prevention Institute; 2006.
  4. Youdelman M. The Medical Tounge: U.S. Laws and Policies on Language Access. Health Affairs. 2008; Vol. 27, No. 2: 424-433.
  5. Zack M, Moriarty D, Stroup D, Ford E, Mokdad A. Worsening Trends in Adult Health-Related Quality of Life and Self-Rated Health- United States, 1993-2001. Public Health Reports. 2004; Vol. 119: 493.
  6. Etches V, Frank J, Di Ruggiero E, Manuel D. Measuring Population Health: A Review of Indicators. Annual Review of Public Health. 2006; Vol. 27: 29-55.
  7. Kawachi I, Subramanian S.V., Almeida-Filho N. A glossary for health inequalities. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2002; Vol. 56: 647-652. Available at http://jech.bmj.com/content/56/9/647.full.pdf (Accesses on January 10, 2011).
  8. Stonington S, Holmes S. Social Medicine in the Twenty-First Century. PLOS Medicine. 2006; Vol.3, Issue 10: 1661-1662.
  9. Meara E, Richards S, Cutler D. The Gap Gets Bigger: Changes In Mortality and Life Expectancy, By Education, 1981-2000. Health Affairs. 2008; Vol. 27, No. 2: 350-360.
  10. Piers L, Carson N, Brown K, and Ansari Z. Avoidable mortality in Victoria between 1979 and 2001. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 2007; Vol.31, No.1: 5-12.

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Disclaimer: We have posted a variety of references with different opinions; the opinions of these writers and organizations do not necessarily reflect the opinion of NACDD or the HEC.